Medical Topics

Having a higher number of past sexual partners is tied to greater self-esteem, especially among men

An analysis of data collected across 10 world regions suggests that men’s self-esteem is more strongly tied to their sexual success than women’s. The findings were published in the journal Personality and Individual Differences. Researchers David P. Schmitt and Peter K. Jonason based the rationale for their study on the sociometer theory of self-esteem, which […]…

A nasal oxytocin spray might curtail dominant behavior in psychopaths

Scientists have uncovered preliminary evidence that oxytocin, a neurohormone that reduces stress and fosters social bonding, could help to reduce dominant behavior in psychopathic offenders. Their findings have been published in the journal Psychoneuroendocrinology. “As a psychiatrist, I previously worked with victims of organized violence and became aware of the phenomenon of secondary psychopathization within […]…

Experimental study finds that office stress and interruptions at work affect psychobiological stress responses

In a controlled lab experiment, a team of researchers found that simulating social pressure in an office environment elicited both a biological and psychological stress response in participants. Notably, while work interruptions further increased the biological response to stress, interruptions appeared to decrease participants’ psychological response to stress. The findings were shared in the journal […]…

Smelling fear? Study provides evidence that chemosensory anxiety signals reduce trust and risk-taking in women

The odor of anxiety-induced body sweat can make women become more risk adverse and less trusting of others, according to new research published in the journal Biological Psychology. The new findings indicate that chemosensory anxiety signals can act contagiously but predominantly affect women. Animals commonly use their sense of smell to detect predators and other […]…